Making 1540 Work: Achieving Universal Compliance with Nonproliferation Export Control Standards
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A comprehensive nonproliferation export control system includes four components: (1) effective licensing procedures; (2) border security and enforcement; (3) collaboration between government and industry; and (4) international cooperation. By summarizing the requirements of these four areas, the standards countries will have to meet to fully comply with UNSCR 1540 are identified. Specifically, the United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1540 criminalizes proliferation by requiring all nations to develop and enforce export control systems and seals the gaps in current nonproliferation arrangements. Although the four factors stated above are not the only determinants of governments' opportunity and willingness to institute universal export controls, they are some of the more prominent factors.
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