The immune response to mouse hepatitis virus: expression of monocyte procoagulant activity and plasminogen activator during infection in vivo. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • After infection with 10(3) plaque-forming units of mouse hepatitis virus strain 3 (MHV-3) in vivo, peripheral blood mononuclear cells and splenic cells expressed procoagulant activity (PCA) in a pattern directly correlating with susceptibility to disease. Mononuclear cells from BALB/cJ mice, a strain which is fully susceptible to MHV-3, expressed a greater than 500-fold increase in PCA. PCA was first detected within 12 hr of infection; prior to histologic evidence of disease and viral replication, it reached maximal levels 48 hr post-infection (p.i.) and persisted until the death of the animals 5 to 7 days p.i. Mononuclear cells from C3HeB/FeJ mice expressed a significant but lesser titer of PCA, with elevated PCA persisting throughout the chronically infected state until death of the animals 4 to 6 mo p.i. Basal levels of PCA were detected in mononuclear cells from fully resistant A/J mice despite the presence of large amounts of virus in livers, spleens, and sera from these animals. When mononuclear cells expressing high PCA were subfractionated, monocytes were found to be the cellular source of greater than 96% of the PCA activity. Increased plasminogen activator activity was found in monocytes from resistant A/J mice at the time when PCA was markedly elevated in BALB/cJ and C3HeB/FeJ mice. This activity persisted for 5 to 7 days p.i., but was undetectable 10 days p.i. at a time when the mice had cleared the virus from their blood streams. These observations suggest that monocyte PCA may be important in the pathogenesis of MHV-3 disease, whereas the production of monocyte plasminogen activators may contribute to resistance of A/J mice to MHV-3-induced liver disease.

author list (cited authors)

  • Dindzans, V. J., MacPhee, P. J., Fung, L. S., Leibowitz, J. L., & Levy, G. A.

citation count

  • 44

publication date

  • December 1985