Intracellular Localization of Polypeptides Encoded in Mouse Hepatitis Virus Open Reading Frame 1A
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We have investigated the intracellular localization of several of the proteolytic cleavage products derived from the 5' portion of mouse hepatitis virus (MHV) gene 1. Antisera UP1 recognizes the N-terminal ORF1a cleavage product p28. Immunofluorescent staining of cells with this antisera resulted in a diffuse punctate pattern of cytoplasmic staining, indicating that this protein is widely distributed in the cytoplasm. Immunofluorescent staining of infected cells with antisera which recognize polypeptides p240 and p290 stained discrete vesicular perinuclear structures suggesting that these proteins localized to the Golgi. This was confirmed by double immunofluorescent staining of BHK cells expressing the MHV receptor (BHK-R) with a Golgi specific antibody in addition to our anti-MHV ORF1a antibodies. Antisera UP102 recognizes p28 and the immediately downstream p65 gene product. Double immunofluorescent staining of MHV infected BHK-R cells with UP102 labeled discrete vesicular structures overlapping the Golgi complex. In addition there was punctate staining more widely distributed in the cytoplasm. The simplest explanation for this pattern is that p65 is also localized to the Golgi region of the cell, whereas p28 is more widespread. Plasmids containing the first 4.7 and 6.75 kb of ORF 1a have been expressed using the coupled vaccinia virus-T7 polymerase system. Images obtained by immunofluorescent staining of transfectants with our anti-ORF1a antisera are similar to those obtained during infection with A59. These studies indicate that the signals which direct p290 to the Golgi are likely contained between the C-terminus of p28 and ORF1a residue 1494.
author list (cited authors)
Bi, W., Bonilla, P. J., Holmes, K. V., Weiss, S. R., & Leibowitz, J. L.