Treatment of Resistant A/J Mice with Methylprednisolone (MP) Results in Loss of Resistance to Murine Hepatitis Strain 3 (MHV-3) and Induction of Macrophage Procoagulant Activity (PCA)
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BALB/cJ mice die of fulminant hepatitis within 7 days of exposure to murine hepatitis virus strain 3 (MHV-3) whereas A/J mice are fully resistant to the lethal effects of MHV-3 infection. Previous studies have implicated macrophage activation with production of a unique macrophage prothrombinase (PCA) and lymphocyte cytokine secretion in the pathogenesis of MHV-3 susceptibility and have demonstrated that immunosuppression induces susceptibility in resistant mice. This study was undertaken to determine whether macrophages, derived from resistant A/J mice and treated in vitro with methylprednisolone sodium succinate (MP), elaborated PCA following MHV-3 exposure and whether therapy with MP altered resistance of A/J mice to MHV-3 infection in vivo. Macrophages, incubated with MP in vitro, expressed dose dependent increases in PCA following infection with MHV-3. No induction of PCA occurred in macrophages treated with MHV-3 or MP alone. Analysis of mRNA transcripts for mouse fibrinogen like protein (musfiblp), the MHV-3 specific prothrombinase, in macrophages which were incubated with MP prior to exposure to MHV-3 demonstrated significantly increased mRNA levels as compared to macrophages not incubated with MP prior to MHV-3 exposure. In vivo, A/J mice treated for 3 days with 500 mg/kg/day of MP prior to infection with MHV-3 demonstrated extensive hepatocyte necrosis and fibrin deposition in hepatic sinusoids on histological examination of liver tissue, elevated serum transaminases and 100% mortality within 10 days of infection. These results therefore provide further support for the role of increased PCA in the pathogenesis of MHV-3 related liver necrosis.
author list (cited authors)
Fingerote, R. J., Leibowitz, J. L., Rao, Y. S., & Levy, G. A.