Evidence of increasing polarization among ordinary citizens Chapter uri icon


  • In recent years, we witnessed an unexpected rise in the partisan behavior of policy-making elites. Beginning in the mid-1970s and accelerating in the 1980s and 1990s, party conflict among members of Congress and between the president and Congress increased considerably (Bond and Fleisher 2000; Fleisher and Bond 1996; Ornstein, Mann, and Malbin 2000; Rohde 1991). The party conflict among elites became so intense that Republicans in Congress were determined to remove President Clinton from office even though polls repeatedly showed that such a move did not have popular support.

author list (cited authors)

  • Fleisher, R., & Bond, J. R.

citation count

  • 13

editor list (cited editors)

  • Cohen, J. E., Fleisher, R., & Kantor, P.

Book Title

  • American Political Parties: Decline or Resurgence?

publication date

  • January 2001