An integrated approach for characterizing fractured reservoirs Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • This paper is included in the Special Publication entitled 'Faulting, fault sealing and fluid flow in hydrocarbon reservoirs', edited by G.Jones, Q.J. Fisher and R.J. Knipe. Experience has shown that fractures and faults within a given array are not all equally conductive or well-connected. To investigate new techniques for locating conductive fracture flow paths, a series of high resolution (1 to 10 kHz) crosswell and single well seismic surveys and interference tests were conducted in a shallow five spot well array penetrating a fractured limestone formation. Two inverse approaches for constructing fracture flow models were applied to the interference test data. Both approaches successfully reproduced the transient pressure behaviour at the pumping and observation wells and indicated a preferential fracture flow path between two wells aligned in an east-northeast direction, the dominant direction of fracturing mapped in the area. Crosswell and single well seismic experiments were performed before and after air injection designed to displace water from the fracture flow path and increase seismic visibility. The crosswell experiments showed that replacement of water with gas produces significant changes in the seismic signal. The single well reflection surveys were able to precisely locate the position of the fracture flow path. This location was confirmed by core from a slant well which intersected a single open fracture at the targeted depth.

author list (cited authors)

  • D’Onfro, P. S., Rizer, W. D., Queen, J. H., Majer, E. L., Peterson, J. E., Daley, T. M., ... Long, J.

citation count

  • 2

publication date

  • January 1998