Streamline-based Production Data Integration Under Realistic Field Conditions: Experience in a Giant Middle-Eastern Reservoir Conference Paper uri icon


  • In this paper we apply the streamline-based production data integration method to condition a multimillion cell geologic model to historical production response for a giant Saudi Arabian reservoir. The field has been under peripheral water injection with 16 injectors and 70 producers. There is also a strong aquifer influx into the field. A total of 30 years of production history with detailed rate, infill well and reperforation schedule were incorporated via multiple pressure updates during streamline simulation. Also, gravity and compressibility effects were included to account for water slumping and aquifer support. To our knowledge, this is the first and the largest such application of production data integration to geologic models accounting for realistic field conditions. We have developed novel techniques to analytically compute the sensitivities of the production response in the presence of gravity and changing field conditions. This makes our method extremely computationally efficient. For the field application, the production data integration is carried out in less than 6 hours in a PC. The geologic model derived after conditioning to production response was validated using field surveillance data. In particular, the flood front movement, the aquifer encroachment and bypassed oil locations obtained from the geologic model was found to be consistent with field observations. Finally, an examination of the permeability changes during production data integration revealed that most of these changes were aligned along the facies distribution, particularly the 'good' facies distribution with no resulting loss in geologic realism.

author list (cited authors)

  • Qassab, H., Pavlas, M., Afaleg, N., Ali, H., Kharghoria, A., He, Z., Lee, S. H., & Datta-Gupta, A.

citation count

  • 9

publication date

  • October 2003