A Generalized Semi-analytical and Statistical Model To Estimate Oil and Water Production, Pore Volume Injected, and Ultimate Recovery in Mature Waterflooding Projects Conference Paper uri icon


  • This project has developed a new procedure and a unique statistical and semi-analytical model to predict oil recovery at any water/oil ratio (WOR) and ultimate oil recovery for mature reservoirs under water injection. The new approach uses fractional flow, and multiple linear regressions. We have studied the linear portion of the commonly used plot of log WOR vs. recovery factor (RF) determining the boundaries of that straight-line zone (SLZ) in terms of initial and final RF and/or initial and final WOR numerically using mathematics rules. We also determined slopes and intercepts of this line as functions of commonly used rock and fluid properties values, such as relative permeability curves end-points, connate water saturations (S wc), residual oil saturations (S or), mobility ratios (M) and Dykstra-Parsons coefficients (VDP). Characterizing this line helps us to determine the performance of a waterflood in terms of RF and pore volumes injected (PVI). We correlated the results from homogeneous and heterogeneous reservoirs by using a correction in terms of the VDP and mobility ratios. We validated the model using reservoir simulation and field cases. Limitations and assumptions are those derived from the application of the simplified fractional flow equation, including that no dip angle, no capillary pressure, and no gravity effects were considered. The model was tested and validated for waterfloods with relatively small initial gas saturation (S g < 0.2). At higher gas saturations waterflooding process must be applied with extreme care to avoid displacing oil into the gas cap zone and reducing the remaining oil saturation (ROS). Copyright 2009, Society of Petroleum Engineers.

author list (cited authors)

  • Espinel Diaz, A. L., & Barrufet, M. A.

citation count

  • 1

publication date

  • May 2009


  • SPE  Publisher