Nonylphenol, octylphenol, and bisphenol-A in the aquatic environment: a review on occurrence, fate, and treatment. Academic Article uri icon


  • This paper reviews the current knowledge on the occurrence, biodegradation, and photooxidation of nonylphenol (NP), octylphenol (OP), and bisphenol-A (BPA) in aquatic environment. Generally, the concentrations determined were 0.006-32.8, < 0.001-1.44, and 0.0005-4.0 mu g L(-1) for NP, OP, and BPA respectively in river waters worldwide. Anthropogenic activities that can lead to run-off and storm water discharge may contribute to such concentrations in rivers. Pathways for biodegradation of NP and BPA appear to be similar. The influence of ferric ions, oxalate, hydrogen peroxide, and dissolved organic matter (DOM) on the photooxidation of NP and BPA in natural water is presented. Several techniques including nanofiltration, adsorption, sonochemical, photocatalytic, chlorination, ozonation, and ferrate(VI) oxidation for removals of NP, OP, and BPA are also reviewed.

published proceedings

  • J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng

author list (cited authors)

  • Sharma, V. K., Anquandah, G., Yngard, R. A., Kim, H., Fekete, J., Bouzek, K., Ray, A. K., & Golovko, D.

citation count

  • 184

complete list of authors

  • Sharma, Virender K||Anquandah, George AK||Yngard, Ria A||Kim, Hynook||Fekete, Jeno||Bouzek, Karel||Ray, Ajay K||Golovko, Dmitriy

publication date

  • April 2009