Fine particulate air pollution and daily mortality in Shenyang, China. Academic Article uri icon


  • Fine particulate matter (PM.) is not a criteria pollutant in China, and few studies were conducted in the country to investigate the health impact of PM.. In this study, we did a time-stratified case-crossover analysis to examine the association between PM. and daily mortality in Shenyang, an industrial center in northeast China. Daily mortality, air pollution and weather data from August 1, 2006 to December 31, 2008 in Shenyang were collected. A time-stratified case-crossover approach was used to estimate the association of PM. with both total and cause-specific mortality. Controls were selected as matched days of the week in the same month. Potential effect modifiers, such as age, gender, and season, were also examined. We found significant associations between PM. and daily mortality in Shenyang. A 10 g/m increment in the 2-day moving average (lag 01) concentrations of PM. corresponded to 0.49% (95% CI: 0.19%, 0.79%), 0.53% (95% CI: 0.09%, 0.97%), and 0.97% (95% CI: 0.01%, 1.94%) increase of total, cardiovascular, and respiratory mortality, respectively. The associations appeared to be stronger in older people (aged 75 years), in females and during the warm season. To our knowledge, this is the longest PM. health study in time duration in China. Our findings provide new information on the adverse health effects of PM., and may have implications for environmental policy making and standard setting in China.

published proceedings

  • Sci Total Environ

author list (cited authors)

  • Ma, Y., Chen, R., Pan, G., Xu, X., Song, W., Chen, B., & Kan, H.

citation count

  • 111

complete list of authors

  • Ma, Yanjun||Chen, Renjie||Pan, Guowei||Xu, Xiaohui||Song, Weimin||Chen, Bingheng||Kan, Haidong

publication date

  • January 2011