Analysis of theory utilization among prenatal HIV-testing research Academic Article uri icon


  • Objectives: To ascertain extent and quality of theory utilization among published empirical studies specific to prenatal HIV-testing. Methods: Systematic literature search for peer-reviewed articles was performed. Articles with "perceived barriers" construct to prenatal HIV testing from perspective of potential testees were sought. Results: Most studies mention constructs, but not specific theory. Few studies clearly reported how operationalized constructs were used within their studies. Conclusions: Paucity of theory utilization points to a breach of the "science" in the scientific process. Researchers either failed to adequately use theory or did so but failed to describe how.

author list (cited authors)

  • Delissaint, D., & McKyer, E.

citation count

  • 2

publication date

  • January 1, 2008 11:11 AM