Kinetics of the reaction of aqueous iron(vi) (Fe VI O 4 2− ) with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The reaction of aqueous iron(vi) (FeVIO42-, Fe(vi)) with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) was studied kinetically as a function of pH (1.98-12.40) and temperature (15-45 degrees C) using a stopped flow kinetic technique. The rate law for the reaction of Fe(vi) with EDTA was found to be first-order with respect to each reactant over the entire studied pH range. The observed rate constants, k, decrease with an increase in pH, varying from 4.19 x 10(4) to 8.60 x 10(-2) M(-1) s(-1) over the pH range. The speciation of Fevi (H3FeO4+, H2FeO4, HFeO4-, and FeO42-) and EDTA (H4Y, H3Y-, H2Y2-, HY3-, and Y4-, Y = EDTA) species was used to explain the pH dependence of the k values. From the temperature effect on k at pH 5.4, 7.1, and 9.2, activation parameters, DeltaS(double dagger) and DeltaH(double dagger), were obtained for the reactions of Fe(VI) with EDTA. The values of DeltaS(double dagger) for the reactions were found to be negative, implying a highly ordered transition state in the reaction. The DeltaH(double dagger) for the reaction at pH 7.1 and 9.2 showed similar values within experimental error. Using the observed enthalpy parameters and the enthalpy of deprotonation of HFeO4- and EDTA species (HEDTA3- and H2EDTA2-), the enthalpy of deprotonation of H2FeO4 (DeltaH0H2FeO4) was determined as 5.7 +/- 3.0 kJ mol(-1). The reactivity of Fe(VI) with aminopolycarboxylates (APCs) was also studied in alkaline medium. The order of reactivity was determined as primary > secondary > tertiary, which suggests that FeVIO42- attacks at the nitrogen atom sites of APCs.

author list (cited authors)

  • Noorhasan, N. N., & Sharma, V. K.

citation count

  • 16

publication date

  • January 2008