Individuals’ responses to global CHD risk: A focus group study
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OBJECTIVE: To explore how individuals respond to global coronary heart disease (CHD) risk and use it in combination with treatment information to make decisions to initiate and maintain risk reducing strategies. METHODS: We conducted four focus groups of individuals at risk for CHD (n=29), purposively sampling individuals with each of several risk factors. Two reviewers coded verbatim transcripts and arbitrated differences, using ATLAS.ti 5.2 to facilitate analysis. RESULTS: Participants generally regarded the concept of global CHD risk as useful and motivating, although had questions about its precision and comprehensiveness. They identified several additional influential factors in decision-making (e.g. achievable risk, the quickness and self-evidence of results) and generally preferred lifestyle changes to medications (although most would accept medications under certain circumstances). They also noted the importance of participating in decision-making. CONCLUSION: Our results underscore the motivating potential of global CHD risk and the importance of patient participation in decision-making. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Global CHD risk is a useful adjunct to CHD prevention and can be presented in ways, and with information, that might improve CHD outcomes.
author list (cited authors)
Sheridan, S. L., Behrend, L., Vu, M. B., Meier, A., Griffith, J. M., & Pignone, M. P.