Three lysine residues in the common chain of the interleukin-5 receptor are required for Janus kinase (JAK)-dependent receptor ubiquitination, endocytosis, and signaling. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Eosinophils are multifunctional leukocytes implicated in the pathogenesis of numerous inflammatory diseases including allergic asthma and hypereosinophilic syndrome. Eosinophil physiology is critically dependent on IL-5 and the IL-5 receptor (IL-5R), composed of a ligand binding chain (IL-5R), and a common chain, c. Previously, we demonstrated that the c cytoplasmic tail is ubiquitinated and degraded by proteasomes following IL-5 stimulation. However, a complete understanding of the role of c ubiquitination in IL-5R biology is currently lacking. By using a well established, stably transduced HEK293 cell model system, we show here that in the absence of ubiquitination, c subcellular localization, IL-5-induced endocytosis, turnover, and IL-5R signaling were significantly impaired. Whereas ubiquitinated IL-5Rs internalized into trafficking endosomes for their degradation, ubiquitination-deficient IL-5Rs accumulated on the cell surface and displayed blunted signaling even after IL-5 stimulation. Importantly, we identified a cluster of three membrane-proximal c lysine residues (Lys(457), Lys(461), and Lys(467)) whose presence was required for both JAK1/2 binding to c and receptor ubiquitination. These findings establish that JAK kinase binding to c requires the presence of three critical c lysine residues, and this binding event is essential for receptor ubiquitination, endocytosis, and signaling.

published proceedings

  • J Biol Chem

author list (cited authors)

  • Lei, J. T., Mazumdar, T., & Martinez-Moczygemba, M.

publication date

  • January 1, 2011 11:11 AM