gamma-Interferon inhibits secretin-induced choleresis and cholangiocyte proliferation in a murine model of cirrhosis. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cholangiocyte proliferation is associated with increased secretin receptor gene expression and secretin-induced choleresis. Since gamma-interferon has antiproliferative effects, we tested the hypothesis that gamma-interferon inhibits ductal proliferation and secretin-stimulated choleresis associated with cirrhosis. METHODS: Mice were treated with 0.1 ml of 25% carbon tetrachloride intraperitoneally twice weekly and 5% alcohol in drinking water for 12 weeks to induce cirrhosis and subsequently gamma-interferon 10(5) intramuscularly was administered daily for 10 weeks. We measured the effects of carbon tetrachloride and gamma-interferon on liver collagen content by morphometric analysis and hydroxyproline content. We measured the effects of gamma-interferon on ductal mass by morphometry and on ductal secretion by assessment of secretin receptor gene expression and secretin-induced choleresis. RESULTS: Compared to controls, there was an increase in liver hydroxyproline content of carbon tetrachloride-treated mice with histologic evidence of cirrhosis. Gamma-interferon treatment significantly decreased collagen liver content with loss of histologic features of cirrhosis. Morphometry revealed an increased number of bile ducts in cirrhotic mice as compared to controls or cirrhotics who received gamma-interferon. Secretin receptor mRNA levels were higher in cirrhotic mice compared to controls but this increase was inhibited by gamma-interferon. Secretin stimulated ductal secretion in cirrhotic mice but not control or cirrhotic mice who received gamma-interferon. CONCLUSIONS: We have established a murine model for cirrhosis and have shown, consistent with our hypothesis, that gamma-interferon decreases collagen content, ductal mass and secretin-induced choleresis incirrhotic mice.

published proceedings

  • J Hepatol

author list (cited authors)

  • Alpini, G., Elias, I., Glaser, S. S., Rodgers, R. E., Phinizy, J. L., Robertson, W. E., ... LeSage, G. D

citation count

  • 25

complete list of authors

  • Alpini, G||Elias, I||Glaser, SS||Rodgers, RE||Phinizy, JL||Robertson, WE||Francis, H||Lasater, J||Richards, M||LeSage, GD

publication date

  • August 1997