Otitis Externa A Disease of Multifactorial Etiology Academic Article uri icon


  • Dogs and cats with long-standing otitis externa pose a difficult diagnostic challenge for the veterinarian, because chronically affected ears usually have the same appearance regardless of the underlying cause(s). In patients with chronic otitis externa, the disease is often caused by different combinations of primary, predisposing, and perpetuating factors. The unique therapeutic needs of each patient may be determined by careful interpretation of historical and physical findings, which should be supported by ancillary diagnostic tests.

author list (cited authors)

  • August, J. R.

citation count

  • 73

publication date

  • July 1988