Effects of the stereo-configuration of the hydroxyl group in 4-hydroxyproline on the triple-helical structures formed by homogenous peptides resembling collagen.
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To explore further the recent demonstration that hydroxyproline stabilizes the triple-helical structure of collagen, two peptides containing allohydroxyproline, (aHyp-Pro-Gly)10 and (Pro-aHyp-Gly)10, were synthesized by a modified Merrifield technique which yields products of defined molecular weight. Examination of the peptides by optical rotation and circular dichroism showed that neither of them formed triple-helical structures in aqueous solution. Since the peptides had less tendency than (Pro-Hyp-Gly)10 to become helical, the results demonstrated that the trans-4-hydroxyl group of hydroxyproline makes a specific contribution to stability of the triple helix formed by (Pro-Hyp-Gly)10. Since the peptides also had less tendency than (Pro-Pro-Gly10 to become helical, the results further demonstrated that the cis-4-hydroxyl group on allohydroxyproline decreases the stability of the triple helix. The observations provided direct support for previous data indicating that incorporation of proline analogues such as allohydroxyproline into pro-alpha chains during procollagen biosynthesis prevents the polypeptides from becoming triple helical.
author list (cited authors)
Inouye, K., Sakakibara, S., & Prockop, D. J.
complete list of authors
Inouye, K||Sakakibara, S||Prockop, DJ