Isolation and partial characterization of the amino-terminal propeptide of type II procollagen from chick embryos. Academic Article uri icon


  • The amino-terminal propeptide from type II procollagen was isolated from organ cultures of sternal cartilages from 17-day-old chick embryos. The procedure provided the first isolation of the propeptide in amounts adequate for chemical characterization. The propeptide had an apparent molecular weight of 18000 as estimated by gel electrophoresis in sodium dodecyl sulfate. It contained a collagen-like domain as demonstrated by its amino acid composition, circular dichroism spectrum, and susceptibility to bacterial collagenase. One residue of hydroxylysine was present, the first time this amino acid has been detected in a propeptide. The peptide contained no methionine and only two residues of half-cystine. Antibodies were prepared to the propeptide and were used to establish its identity. The antibodies precipitated type II procollagen but did not precipitate type II procollagen from which the amino and carboxy propeptides were removed with pepsin. Also, they did not precipitate the carboxy propeptide of type II procollagen. The data demonstrated th at the type II amino propeptide was similar to the amino propeptides of type I and type III procollagens in that it contained a collagen-like domain. It differed, however, in that it lacked a globular domain as large as the globular domain of 77-86 residues found at the amino-terminal ends of the pro alpha 1 chains of type I and type III procollagens.

published proceedings

  • Biochemistry

author list (cited authors)

  • Curran, S., & Prockop, D. J.

citation count

  • 26

complete list of authors

  • Curran, S||Prockop, DJ

publication date

  • March 1982