Synthesis and processing of a type I procollagen containing shortened pro-alpha 1(I) chains by fibroblasts from a patient with osteogenesis imperfecta. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Skin fibroblasts from a patient with a lethal form of osteogenesis imprefecta were found to synthesize equal amounts of normal pro-alpha 1(I) chains and pro-alpha 1(I) chains which are about 10% shorter because of a deletion of about 100 amino acids in the middle of the alpha chain domain. The pro-alpha 1(I) chains were incorporated into three different kinds of trimers: a normal type I trimer with normal length pro-alpha 1(I) chains; a type Is trimer with one shortened pro-alpha 1(I) chain and two normal length chains; and a type Iss trimer containing two shortened pro-alpha 1(I) chains and one normal length pro-alpha 2(I) chain. As judged by resistance to digestion by chymotrypsin and trypsin, the type Is and Iss trimers denatured at a temperature at least 3 degrees C lower than normal type I procollagen. Procollagen containing the shortened pro-alpha 1(I) chains was slowly secreted by the cells but was degraded by extracellular proteinases within 6 h of chase into the medium. The results indicated that the presence of the shortened pro-alpha 1(I) chains in procollagen trimers produces a delay in rate of helix formation, overmodification of the polypeptides by post-translational enzymes, a decrease in the thermal stability of the trimers, and increased susceptibility of the protein to endogenous proteinases. Additionally, the fibroblasts of this patient synthesized and secreted a type III-like species of procollagen with unusual chromatographic properties.

published proceedings

  • J Biol Chem

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Williams, C. J., & Prockop, D. J

citation count

  • 116

complete list of authors

  • Williams, CJ||Prockop, DJ

publication date

  • May 1983