Restriction fragment length polymorphism associated with the pro alpha 2(I) gene of human type I procollagen. Application to a family with an autosomal dominant form of osteogenesis imperfecta.
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One cloned complementary DNA and one genomic subclone were used to detect restriction fragment length polymorphism associated with the pro alpha 2(I) gene for human type I procollagen. The restriction fragments obtained from examination of 30-122 chromosomes confirmed previous indications that the pro alpha 2(I) gene is found in a single copy in the human haploid genome. One highly polymorphic site was detected with EcoRI in the 5'-half of the gene. The restriction site polymorphism at the site had an allelic frequency of 0.38, and it generated two fragments of 10.5 and 3.5 kilobase in homozygous individuals. The restriction fragment length polymorphism generated at the EcoRI site was used to study affected and non-affected individuals in four generations of a family with an autosomal dominant form of osteogenesis imperfecta. The data demonstrated a linkage of the phenotype to a pro alpha 2(I) allele with a lod score of 2.41 at a recombination fraction (theta) of 0. The data therefore provided presumptive evidence that osteogenesis imperfecta in this family is caused by a mutation in the pro alpha 2(I) gene or some contiguous region of the genome. The relatively high frequency of polymorphism at the EcoRI site makes it useful for studying a broad range of genetic disorders in which mutations in type I procollagen are suspected. In addition, the polymorphic site should provide useful markers for linkage studies with other loci located on human chromosome 7.