Temperature-induced post-translational over-modification of type I procollagen. Effects of over-modification of the protein on the rate of cleavage by procollagen N-proteinase and on self-assembly of collagen into fibrils.
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Previous observations suggested that incubating fibroblasts at elevated temperature caused over-modification of type I procollagen by post-translational enzymes because of a delay in folding of the collagen triple helix. Here, human skin fibroblasts were incubated at 40.5 instead of 37 degrees C, and the type I procollagen secreted into the medium was isolated. Analysis of the protein indicated that there was an increase of about 5 residues of hydroxylysine/alpha chain and about 1 residue of glycosylated hydroxylysine/alpha chain. Assays with procollagen N-proteinase indicated that the N-propeptide of the over-modified collagen was cleaved at a decreased rate, apparently because the over-modification altered the conformation-dependent cleavage site for the enzyme. Assays in a system for assembly of collagen into fibrils demonstrated that the over-modified protein had a higher critical concentration for self-assembly. Also, the fibrils formed from the over-modified collagen at 31 and 29 degrees C had smaller diameters than fibrils formed from normal type I collagen. The results provide direct evidence for earlier suggestions that post-translational over-modification of a fibrillar collagen can alter the morphology of the fibrils formed. The results also indicate that some of the biological consequences of the mutations in type I procollagen causing heritable disorders must be ascribed to the effects of post-translational over-modifications that frequently occur as secondary consequences of changes in the primary structure of the protein.
author list (cited authors)
Torre-Blanco, A., Adachi, E., Hojima, Y., Wootton, J. A., Minor, R. R., & Prockop, D. J
complete list of authors
Torre-Blanco, A||Adachi, E||Hojima, Y||Wootton, JA||Minor, RR||Prockop, DJ