Two cysteine substitutions in procollagen I: a glycine replacement near the N-terminus of α1(I) chain causes lethal osteogenesis imperfecta and a glycine replacement in the α2(I) chain markedly destabilizes the triple helix
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Cultured skin fibroblasts were examined from two probands with type II (lethal) osteogenesis imperfecta. One proband had a single base mutation which converted the glycine codon at position alpha 1-244 in the alpha 1(I) chain of procollagen I into a cysteine codon whereas the other had a similar mutation that converted the glycine codon at position alpha 2-787 of the alpha 2(I) chain into a cysteine codon. Both mutations produced post-translational overmodification of procollagen I. The Cys alpha 1-244 mutation, however, had a minimal effect on the thermal stability or secretion of the protein whereas the Cys alpha 2-787 mutation markedly decreased the thermal stability and, apparently as a result, essentially none of the mutated protein was secreted. The results provide clear exceptions to two previous generalizations about the position-specificity of glycine substitutions in procollagen I.
author list (cited authors)
Fertala, A., Westerhausen, A., Morris, G., Rooney, J. E., & Prockop, D. J.