Gargate, Rohit Vasant (2008-12). Synthesis and characterization of carbon nanotubes using scanning probe based nano-lithographic techniques. Master's Thesis.
A novel process which does not require the traditional Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) synthesis techniques and which works at temperatures lower than the conventional techniques was developed for synthesis of carbon nanotubes (CNT). The substrates used for this study involved MEMS (Micro Electrical Mechanical Systems) elements and passive elements. These were coated with Fullerene using Physical Vapor Deposition or through a solution in an organic solvent. Catalyst precursors were deposited on these Fullerene coated substrates using "wet processes". These substrates were then heated using either the integrated microheaters or external heaters in an inert atmosphere to obtain CNT. Thus, in this process we tried to obviate the Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) process for synthesis of CNT (SWCNT and MWCNT). The synthesized CNT will be characterized using Scanning Electron Microscopy and Raman spectroscopy techniques. Also, conductivity measurements were carried out for the synthesized tubes using Dry (contact based) and Wet (electro-chemical) methods. This work also proves the concept for the feasibility for a portable hand held instrument for synthesis of CNT with tunable "on demand" chirality.