Electron-beam curing of bismaleimide-reactive diluent resins Academic Article uri icon


  • Electron-beam (E-beam) curing of 4,4'-bisBMPMmaleimidodiphenylmethane (BMPM)/BMI-l,3-toly1/o,o'-di-allylbisphenol A (DABPA)-based bismaleimide (BMI) systems and their mixing with various reactive diluents, such as N-vinylpyrrolidone (NVP) and styrene, were investigated to elucidate how temperature, electron-beam dosage, and diluent concentration affect the cure extent. The effect of free-radical initiator on the cure reactions was also studied. It was found that low-intensity E-beam exposures cannot cause the polymerization of BMI. High-intensity E-beam exposures give high reaction conversion attributed to a high temperature increase, which induced thermal curing. It was shown that the dilution and activation of NVP in BMI cause a more complete BMI cure reaction under E-beam radiation. BMI/NVP can be initiated easily by low-intensity E-beam without thermal curing. FTIR studies indicate that about 70% of the reaction is complete for BMI/NVP with 200 kGy dosage exposure at 10 kGy per pass. The sample temperature only reaches about 75C. The free-radical initiator, dicumyl peroxide, can accelerate the reaction rate at the beginning of E-beam exposure, but does not affect the final reaction conversion. The increase of the concentration of NVP in the BMI/NVP systems increases the reactive conversions almost linearly. 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Li, Y. T., Morgan, R. J., Tschen, F., Sue, H. J., & Lopata, V.

citation count

  • 13

complete list of authors

  • Li, YT||Morgan, RJ||Tschen, F||Sue, HJ||Lopata, V

publication date

  • January 2004