Biochemical and serological characterization of Carnobacterium spp. isolated from farmed and natural populations of striped bass and catfish.
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A comparative analysis of the phenotypic and serological properties of Carnobacterium strains associated with mortalities of cultured striped bass and channel catfish and the properties of isolates from wild brown bullhead catfish in the Chesapeake Bay area in Maryland was conducted. All of the strains were gram-positive, facultatively anaerobic, nonmotile, non-spore-forming rods occurring singly or in short chains. They did not produce cytochrome oxidase or catalase, did not reduce nitrate, failed to produce H2S, were unable to grow on acetate medium, and did not produce gas from glucose or gluconate. The temperature and salinity ranges for most of the strains were 10 to 37 degrees C and 0 to 6% NaCl, respectively. The strains all fermented mannitol and inulin and were arginine dihydrolase positive; these are typical characteristics of Carnobacterium piscicola. The carbohydrate fermentation pattern exhibited by all of the isolates with the API-50 CHL system was also very similar to that shown by C. piscicola. Acid was produced from ribose, glucose, fructose, mannose, mannitol, N-acetylglucosamine, amygdaline, arbutin, esculin, salicin, cellobiose, maltose, sucrose, trehalose, and gentiobiose. The Carnobacterium strains did not show proteolytic, lipolytic, amylolytic, or hemolytic activity. Eighteen drugs were tested; all strains proved to be resistant to chloramphenicol, gentamicin, kanamycin, streptomycin, trimethoprim, quinolones, and nitrofurans. The analysis of membrane proteins supported the phenotypic similarities, two main patterns were established, one shared by the striped bass isolates and the reference strain of C. piscicola and another shared by most of the catfish strains. However, the agglutination assays demonstrated that only one Carnobacterium strain from striped bass was serologically related to C. piscicola ATCC 35586.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
author list (cited authors)
Baya, A. M., Toranzo, A. E., Lupiani, B., Li, T., Roberson, B. S., & Hetrick, F. M.
complete list of authors
Baya, AM||Toranzo, AE||Lupiani, B||Li, T||Roberson, BS||Hetrick, FM