Homodimerization of Marek's disease virus-encoded Meq protein is not sufficient for transformation of lymphocytes in chickens. Academic Article uri icon


  • Marek's disease virus (MDV), the etiologic agent of Marek's disease, is a potent oncogenic herpesvirus. MDV is highly contagious and elicits a rapid onset of malignant T-cell lymphomas in chickens within several weeks after infection. MDV genome codes an oncoprotein, Meq, which shares resemblance with the Jun/Fos family of bZIP transcription factors. Similar to Jun, the leucine zipper region of Meq allows the formation of homo- and heterodimers. Meq homo- and heterodimers have different DNA binding affinities and transcriptional activity; therefore, they may differentially regulate transcription of viral and cellular genes. In this study we investigated the role of Meq homodimers in the pathogenicity of MDV by generating a chimeric meq gene, which contains the leucine zipper region of the yeast transcription factor GCN4 (meqGCN). A recombinant virus (rMd5-MeqGCN) containing the chimeric meqGCN gene in place of parental meq was generated with overlapping cosmid clones of Md5, a very virulent MDV strain. The rMd5-MeqGCN virus replicated in vitro and in vivo but was unable to transform T cells in infected chickens. These data provide the first in vivo evidence that Meq homodimers are not sufficient for MDV-induced transformation.

published proceedings

  • J Virol

author list (cited authors)

  • Suchodolski, P. F., Izumiya, Y., Lupiani, B., Ajithdoss, D. K., Gilad, O., Lee, L. F., Kung, H., & Reddy, S. M.

citation count

  • 36

complete list of authors

  • Suchodolski, Paulette F||Izumiya, Yoshihiro||Lupiani, Blanca||Ajithdoss, Dharani K||Gilad, Oren||Lee, Lucy F||Kung, Hsing-Jien||Reddy, Sanjay M

publication date

  • January 2009