The effects of tank sloshing on LNG vessel responses Conference Paper uri icon


  • The coupling and interactions between ship motion and inner-tank sloshing are investigated by a potential-viscous hybrid method in time domain. For the time domain simulation of vessel motion, the hydrodynamic coefficients and wave forces are obtained by a potential-theory-based 3D diffraction/radiation panel program in frequency domain. Then, the corresponding simulations of motions in time domain are carried out using the convolution-integral method. The liquid sloshing in a tank is simulated in time domain by a Navier-Stokes solver. A finite difference method with SURF scheme assuming the single-valued free surface profile is applied for the direct simulation of liquid sloshing. The computed sloshing forces and moments are then applied as external excitations to the ship motion. The calculated ship motion is in turn inputted as the excitation for liquid sloshing, which is repeated for the ensuing time steps. For comparison, we independently developed a 3D panel program for linear inner-fluid motions and it is coupled with the vessel motion program in the frequency domain. The developed computer programs are applied to a barge-type FPSO hull equipped with two partially filled tanks. The time-domain simulation results show reasonably good agreement when compared with MARINs experimental results. The frequency-domain results qualitatively reproduce the trend of coupling effects but the peaks are in general over-predicted. It is seen that the coupling effects on roll motions appreciably change with filling level. The most pronounced coupling effects on roll motions are the shift or split of peak frequencies. The pitch motions are much less influenced by the inner-fluid motion compared to roll motions.

name of conference

  • Volume 4: Materials Technology; Ocean Engineering

published proceedings

  • Proceedings of the 26th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, Vol 4

author list (cited authors)

  • Lee, S. J., Kim, M. H., Lee, D. H., & Shin, Y. S.

citation count

  • 5

complete list of authors

  • Lee, SJ||Kim, MH||Lee, DH||Shin, YS

publication date

  • January 2007