Directed evolution of enzymes and pathways for industrial biocatalysis Academic Article uri icon


  • Directed evolution has become a powerful tool for developing enzyme and whole cell based biocatalysts. Significant recent advances include the creation of novel enzyme functions and the development of several new efficient directed evolution methods. The combination of directed evolution and rational design promises to accelerate the development of biocatalysts for applications in the pharmaceutical, chemical and food industries.

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Zhao, H., Chockalingam, K., & Chen, Z.

citation count

  • 125

publication date

  • April 2002