Positive and negative regulation of EAAT2 by NF-kappaB: a role for N-myc in TNFalpha-controlled repression. Academic Article uri icon


  • The glutamate transporter gene, EAAT2/GLT-1, is induced by epidermal growth factor (EGF) and downregulated by tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha). While TNFalpha is generally recognized as a positive regulator of NF-kappaB-dependent gene expression, its ability to control transcriptional repression is not well characterized. Additionally, the regulation of NF-kappaB by EGF is poorly understood. Herein, we demonstrate that both TNFalpha-mediated repression and EGF-mediated activation of EAAT2 expression require NF-kappaB. We show that EGF activates NF-kappaB independently of signaling to IkappaB. Furthermore, TNFalpha can abrogate IKKbeta- and p65-mediated activation of EAAT2. Our results suggest that NF-kappaB can intrinsically activate EAAT2 and that TNFalpha mediates repression through a distinct pathway also requiring NF-kappaB. Consistently, we find that N-myc is recruited to the EAAT2 promoter with TNFalpha and that N-myc-binding sites are required for TNFalpha-mediated repression. Moreover, N-myc overexpression inhibits both basal and p65-induced activation of EAAT2. Our data highlight the remarkable specificity of NF-kappaB activity to regulate gene expression in response to diverse cellular signals and have implications for glutamate homeostasis and neurodegenerative disease.

published proceedings

  • EMBO J

author list (cited authors)

  • Sitcheran, R., Gupta, P., Fisher, P. B., & Baldwin, A. S.

citation count

  • 180

complete list of authors

  • Sitcheran, Raquel||Gupta, Pankaj||Fisher, Paul B||Baldwin, Albert S

publication date

  • February 2005