Influence of exogenous estrogen receptor ligands on uterine leiomyoma: evidence from an in vitro/in vivo animal model for uterine fibroids. Academic Article uri icon


  • The remarkable frequency of uterine leiomyoma in the human population calls into question the potential for the participation of environmental factors in tumor etiology. Having been implicated in the dramatic rise in hormone-related cancers in recent years, endocrine disruptors are salient suspects in this pathogenesis, although the mechanism by which they might participate is unclear. Investigations using the Eker rat model show that uterine leiomyoma may have an enhanced sensitivity to modulation via the estrogen receptor. This sensitivity could make these tumors a target for disruption by exogenous estrogen receptor ligands. Direct evidence for a pathogenic role of exogenous compounds in leiomyomas is lacking; however, it can be demonstrated that such diverse agents as organochlorine pesticides, dietary flavonoids, botanical extracts, and therapeutic antiestrogens have either estrogen agonist or antagonist function in myometrial tissues. The use of this model will help define the impact of exogenous estrogen receptor modulators on uterine leiomyoma and will permit the evaluation of strategies for therapeutic intervention.

published proceedings

  • Environ Health Perspect

author list (cited authors)

  • Hunter, D. S., Hodges, L. C., Eagon, P. K., Vonier, P. M., Fuchs-Young, R., Bergerson, J. S., & Walker, C. L.

citation count

  • 32

complete list of authors

  • Hunter, DS||Hodges, LC||Eagon, PK||Vonier, PM||Fuchs-Young, R||Bergerson, JS||Walker, CL

publication date

  • October 2000