Transcriptional mapping of early RNA from regions of the Shope fibroma and malignant rabbit fibroma virus genomes. Academic Article uri icon


  • Malignant rabbit fibroma virus (MV) is a recombinant poxvirus derived from Shope fibroma virus (SFV) and rabbit myxoma virus (D. S. Strayer, E. Skaletsky, G. F. Cabirac, P. A. Sharp, L. B. Corbeil, S. Sell, and J. L. Leibowitz, 1983a, J. Immunol. 130, 399-404; W. Block, C. Upton, and G. McFadden, 1984, Virology 140, 113-124). We report here the transcriptional mapping of early RNAs transcribed from the SFV sequences within MV and from the corresponding regions in SFV. Hybridization analysis and S1 nuclease mapping of RNA using viral DNA probes were used to define 5' and 3' ends of the various transcripts. The RNAs described here are transcribed in one direction in a densely arranged head to tail fashion similar to that described for some vaccinia virus early transcriptional units. At late times of infection the early SFV RNAs are not detected whereas the early MV RNAs are present in minor amounts. The early SFV and MV transcripts range in size from 3170 to 425 nucleotides (nt) long. All of the longer transcripts are produced as a result of read through transcription. Three MV transcripts contain fused SFV and rabbit myxoma virus sequences due to transcription through the recombination junction region in the MV genome. Two other MV transcripts are transcribed from a unique initiation site near another recombination junction region resulting in RNAs that are composed of SFV sequences having unique 5' ends.

published proceedings

  • Virology

author list (cited authors)

  • Cabirac, G. F., Mulloy, J. J., Strayer, D. S., Sell, S., & Leibowitz, J. L.

citation count

  • 12

complete list of authors

  • Cabirac, GF||Mulloy, JJ||Strayer, DS||Sell, S||Leibowitz, JL

publication date

  • August 1986