Human B cells express IL-5 receptor messenger ribonucleic acid and respond to IL-5 with enhanced IgM production after mitogenic stimulation with Moraxella catarrhalis. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The potential for IL-5 to regulate human B cells is controversial despite its well established role as a regulatory factor for murine B cells. We hypothesized that the mechanism by which human B cells were stimulated would, as with murine B cells, determine their potential to respond to IL-5. Since Staphylococcus aureus Cowan strain I (SAC) and Moraxella catarrhalis (MCat) stimulate human B cells by distinct interactions with cell-surface Ig, we compared their potential to induce an IL-5-responsive state by human B cells purified to homogeneity. Neither SAC alone nor SAC plus IL-5 stimulated Ig production, although microgram quantities of IgM were produced with SAC plus IL-2. In contrast, MCat induced microgram quantities of IgM by B cells in the absence of exogenous cytokines, and IL-5 significantly increased IgM production over twofold in the majority of donors. Synergism of IL-5 and IL-2 was detected using suboptimal concentrations of IL-2 with MCat-, but not SAC-, stimulated B cells. Donor B cells unresponsive to IL-5 when stimulated with MCat, became IL-5 responsive in the presence of IL-2. Since message for the IL-5R alpha, IL-5R beta, and soluble IL-5R alpha chains was detected in freshly isolated B cells, we further investigated whether IL-5 responsiveness to MCat, but not SAC, was due to their differential regulation of IL-5R mRNA. Surprisingly, stimulation by either MCat or SAC, without or with IL-2, increased both IL-5R alpha and IL-5R beta mRNA and decreased soluble IL-5R alpha mRNA. These studies demonstrate that, as with murine B cells, human B cells express message for IL-5R but can respond to IL-5 only if appropriately stimulated to undergo terminal differentiation.

author list (cited authors)

  • Huston, M. M., Moore, J. P., Mettes, H. J., Tavana, G., & Huston, D. P.

citation count

  • 32

publication date

  • February 1996