Synthesis, characterization, and aqueous self‐assembly of amphiphilic poly(ethylene oxide)‐functionalized hyperbranched fluoropolymers
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Complex amphiphilic polymers were synthesized via core-first polymerization followed by alkylation-based grafting of poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO). Inimer 1-(4′-(bromomethyl)benzyloxy)-2,3,5,6-tetrafluoro-4-vinylbenzene was synthesized and subjected to atom transfer radical self-condensing vinyl polymerization to afford hyperbranched fluoropolymer (HBFP) as the hydrophobic core component with a number-averaged molecular weight of 29 kDa and polydispersity index of 2.1. The alkyl halide chain ends on the HBFP were allowed to undergo reaction with monomethoxy-terminated polyethylene oxide) amine (PEOx-NH2) at different grafting numbers and PEO chain lengths to afford PEO-functionalized HBFPs [(PEOx) yHBFPs], with x = 15 while y = 16, 22, or 29, x = 44 while y = 16, and x = 112 while y = 16. The amphiphilic, grafted block copolymers were found to aggregate in aqueous solution to give micelles with number-averaged diameters (Dav) of 12-28 nm, as measured by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). An increase of the PEO:HBFP ratio, by increase in either the grafting densities (y values) or the chain lengths (x values), led to decreased TEM-measured diameters. These complex, amphiphilic (PEOx) y-HBFPs, with tunable sizes, might find potential applications as nanoscopic biomedical devices, such as drug delivery vehicles and 19F magnetic resonance imaging agents. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
author list (cited authors)
Du, W., Li, Y., Nyström, A. M., Cheng, C., & Wooley, K. L.