Small heat shock proteins differentially affect Abeta aggregation and toxicity. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • beta-Amyloid (Abeta) is the primary protein component of senile plaques in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and has been implicated in neurotoxicity associated with the disease. Abeta aggregates readily in vitro and in vivo, and its toxicity has been linked to its aggregation state. Prevention of Abeta aggregation has been investigated as a means to prevent Abeta toxicity associated with AD. Recently we found that Hsp20 from Babesia bovis prevented both Abeta aggregation and toxicity [S. Lee, K. Carson, A. Rice-Ficht, T. Good, Hsp20, a novel alpha-crystallin, prevents Abeta fibril formation and toxicity, Protein Sci. 14 (2005) 593-601.]. In this work, we examined the mechanism of Hsp20 interaction with Abeta1-40 and compared its activity to that of other small heat shock proteins, carrot Hsp17.7 and human Hsp27. While all three small heat shock proteins were able to prevent Abeta aggregation, only Hsp20 was able to attenuate Abeta toxicity in cultured SH-SY5Y cells. Understanding the mechanism of the Hsp20-Abeta interaction may provide insights into the design of the next generation of Abeta aggregation and toxicity inhibitors.

published proceedings

  • Biochem Biophys Res Commun

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Lee, S., Carson, K., Rice-Ficht, A., & Good, T.

citation count

  • 38

complete list of authors

  • Lee, Sungmun||Carson, Kenneth||Rice-Ficht, Allison||Good, Theresa

publication date

  • August 2006