Interleukin-10 is expressed by bovine type 1 helper, type 2 helper, and unrestricted parasite-specific T-cell clones and inhibits proliferation of all three subsets in an accessory-cell-dependent manner.
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Murine interleukin-10 (IL-10) is produced by type 2 helper (Th2) cells and selectively inhibits cytokine synthesis by type 1 helper (Th1) cells, whereas human IL-10 is produced by and inhibits proliferation and cytokine synthesis by both Th1 and Th2 subsets. This study reports that bovine IL-10 mRNA is expressed by Th0, Th1, and Th2 clones of bovine T cells specific for either Babesia bovis or Fasciola hepatica but not by two CD8+ T-cell clones. The antigen-induced proliferative responses of all three subsets of CD4+ cells were inhibited by human IL-10, and low levels (10 U/ml) of exogenous human IL-2 restored the suppressed response. However, proliferation of one Th1 clone was never inhibited but was enhanced by IL-10. Human IL-10 also inhibited the expression of gamma interferon and IL-4 mRNA in Th0 clones. In the absence of accessory cells (AC), the responses of Th clones to concanavalin A or IL-2 were not inhibited by IL-10, whereas antigen-specific responses of Th1 and Th2 cells were reduced when IL-10-pretreated macrophages were used as AC. Together, our results with bovine T cells support the concept that IL-10 primarily affects AC function and does not directly inhibit CD4+ T cells and demonstrate that the immunoregulatory effects of IL-10 are not selectively directed at Th1 populations, as they are in mice.
author list (cited authors)
Brown, W. C., Woods, V. M., Chitko-McKown, C. G., Hash, S. M., & Rice-Ficht, A. C.
complete list of authors
Brown, WC||Woods, VM||Chitko-McKown, CG||Hash, SM||Rice-Ficht, AC