Babesia bovis-specific CD4+ T cell clones from immune cattle express either the Th0 or Th1 profile of cytokines.
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The central role of T cells in the immune response against hemoprotozoan parasites, both as helper cells for T-dependent antibody production, and as effector cells acting directly or indirectly on intracellular parasites through the elaboration of cytokines, has prompted us to investigate the bovine cellular immune response against B. bovis antigens. T cell clones generated from four B. bovis-immune cattle by in vitro stimulation with soluble or membrane associated merozoite antigen were characterized for reactivity against various forms of antigen and different geographical isolates of B. bovis and B. bigemina. The clones were categorized into seven different groups based on differential patterns of reactivity. This panel of T cell clones and additional clones specific for either the 77 kDa merozoite apical complex associated protein (Bb-1) or the 42 kDa major merozoite protein (MSA-1) were analyzed for cytokines. Biological assays to measure IL-2/IL-4, IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha/TNF-beta and Northern blot analysis to detect mRNA encoding bovine IL2, IL-4, IFN-gamma, TNF-beta and TNF-alpha revealed the differential production of cytokines by clones with different antigen specificities. Two Bb-1-specific T cell clones produced the Th1 pattern of cytokines: IL-2, IFN-gamma, TNF-beta and TNF-alpha, but not IL-4. Clones specific for the 42 kDa protein produced undetectable levels of all cytokines, but expressed an unrestricted or Th0 pattern of cytokine mRNA: IL-2, IL-4, IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Rev Elev Med Vet Pays Trop
author list (cited authors)
Brown, W. C., Zhao, S., Woods, V. M., Dobbelaere, D. A., & Rice-Ficht, A. C.
complete list of authors
Brown, WC||Zhao, S||Woods, VM||Dobbelaere, DA||Rice-Ficht, AC