Bovine T cell responses to recombinant thioredoxin of Fasciola hepatica.
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Fasciolosis is an economically significant disease of ruminants, caused by infection with the digenetic trematodes, Fasciola hepatica and F. gigantica. Some vaccination trials using irradiated metacercariae or isolated proteins have been shown to afford significant protection. However, the mechanisms of specific immunity against this pathogen have not been elucidated. We have identified thioredoxin, a tegument antigen of F. hepatica, among several proteins that are common to both the juvenile and adult fluke within the mammalian host and have undertaken studies to characterize bovine T cell responses to recombinant thioredoxin protein (FH 2020). Peripheral blood mononuclear cells from immune cattle proliferated specifically to crude F. hepatica antigenic extract but not to FH 2020. However, after repeated stimulation of lymphocytes by alternating crude extract and FH 2020, FH 2020-specific proliferation by T cell lines was observed. T cell clones were subsequently generated and found to respond specifically but weakly to both crude antigen and FH 2020. Thioredoxin appears to be only weakly antigenic for bovine T cells and is, therefore, an unpromising candidate for inducing resistance to F. hepatica.
author list (cited authors)
Shoda, L. K., Rice-Ficht, A. C., Zhu, D., McKown, R. D., & Brown, W. C.
complete list of authors
Shoda, LK||Rice-Ficht, AC||Zhu, D||McKown, RD||Brown, WC