Babesia bovis: common protein fractions recognized by oligoclonal B. bovis-specific CD4+ T cell lines from genetically diverse cattle. Academic Article uri icon


  • CD4+ helper T cells are believed to be important for inducing protective immunity against Babesia bovis through the production of cytokines, including IFN-gamma, that will provide help to B lymphocytes for IgG production and activate macrophages to become parasiticidal. To provide maximum protection in an outbred population, an effective vaccine against B. bovis should contain antigens that would elicit an IFN-gamma response and would be recognized by cattle with diverse genetic backgrounds. To identify potentially protective "universal" T helper (Th) cell antigens, fractions of homogenized B. bovis merozoites were tested for the ability to stimulate proliferation of oligoclonal CD4+, IFN-gamma-producing T cell lines derived from four immune animals previously shown to differ in major histocompatibility complex class II expression. Homogenized B. bovis merozoites were separated by denaturing continuous flow electrophoresis (CFE) on 15, 10, and 7.5% polyacrylamide gels into fractions containing proteins ranging from <14.5 to approximately 95 kDa. Eighteen of 280 CFE fractions elicited anamnestic proliferative responses in all T cell lines tested. Nine of these cross-stimulatory fractions contained proteins of <14.5 to 24.5 kDa, and the remaining ones contained proteins with estimated molecular weights of 30, 31.5, 44.5, 49, 49.5, 54, 62, 72, and 82 kDa. Immunoblot analysis showed that four cross-stimulatory fractions contained a predicted known B. bovis antigen of similar molecular size. Previous studies had demonstrated that fractionated merozoite proteins stimulatory for CD4+ Th cell clones had apparent molecular weights similar to those present in 7 of the 18 stimulatory fractions. In the present study, two Th cell clones responded to cross-stimulatory CFE fractions, underscoring the potential to use both oligoclonal and monoclonal Th cell lines to identify commonly recognized polypeptides as potential vaccine antigens.

published proceedings

  • Exp Parasitol

author list (cited authors)

  • Stich, R. W., Rice-Ficht, A. C., Tuo, W., & Brown, W. C.

citation count

  • 17

complete list of authors

  • Stich, RW||Rice-Ficht, AC||Tuo, W||Brown, WC

publication date

  • January 1999