Bifunctional constructs of aspirin and ibuprofen (non‐steroidal anti‐inflammatory drugs; NSAIDs) that express antibacterial and alkylation activities
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Ibuprofen and aspirin are two common non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Both NSAIDs have a carbonyl carbon [-C(O)-], which was utilized to attach a nitrogen mustard (N-mustard) ester group or a tripeptide group. The tripeptide consisted of a L-Gly-D-Ala-D-Ala sequence, where D-Ala-D-Ala is the reactive site for antibacterial activity and L-Gly serves as a linker to the NSAID carrier drug. The aspirin tripeptide and N-mustard show significant antibacterial activity at >or=5.0 x 10(-5) M against penicillin-susceptible or -resistant Escherichia coli. The partition coefficients (log Kow)log P of aspirin and ibuprofen tripeptide drugs were -1.05 and 2.23, respectively. The NSAIDs served as carrier drugs of the N-mustard group which expressed alkylation activity directed towards the nucleophilic primary amine of p -chloroaniline. Hydrolysis of the N-mustard agents yielded the parent structure of aspirin (or ibuprofen) and an N-mustard moiety, 2-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]ethanol. The (log Kow)log P for the N-mustard structures of aspirin and ibuprofen were 2.61 and 5.63, respectively. The (log Kow)log P value of 2-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]ethanol was 0.56. Fluorescamine was utilized to determine unreacted p -chloroaniline at known time intervals, which permitted calculation of rate constants and rate equations. The aspirin N-mustard agent expressed strong antibacterial activity against a penicillin-resistant bacteria and first-order alkylation kinetics. The ibuprofen N-mustard and 2-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]ethanol followed second-order alkylation kinetics. All N-mustard and tripeptide compounds showed zero violations of the Rule of 5. Values of TPSA (molecular polar surface area), C log P and molecular dipoles were calculated.
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Bartzatt, R., Cirillo, S., Cirillo, J. D., & Donigan, L.