Soriano, Guillermo Enrique (2011-05). Study of the Physics of Droplet Impingement Cooling. Doctoral Dissertation. Thesis uri icon

abstract

  • Spray cooling is one of the most promising technologies in applications which require large heat removal capacity in very small areas. Previous experimental studies have suggested that one of the main mechanisms of heat removal in spray cooling is forced convection with strong mixing due to droplet impingement. These mechanisms have not been completely understood mainly due to the large number of physical variables, and the inability to modulate and control variables such as droplet frequency and droplet size. Our approach consists of minimizing the number of experimental variables by controlling variables such as droplet direction, velocity and diameter. A study of heat transfer for single and multiple droplet impingements using HFE- 7100 as the cooling fluid under constant heat flux conditions is presented. Monosized single and multiple droplet trains were produced using a piezoelectric droplet generator with the ability to adjust droplet frequency, diameter, velocity, and spacing between adjacent droplets. In this study, heaters consisting of a layer of Indium Tin Oxide (ITO) as heating element, and ZnSe substrates were used. Surface temperature at the liquid-solid interface was measured using Infrared Thermography. Heat transfer behavior was characterized and critical heat flux was measured. Film thickness was measured using a non-invasive optical technique inside the crown formation produced by the impinging droplets. Hydrodynamic phenomena at the droplet impact zone was studied using high speed imaging. Impact regimes of the impinging droplets were identified, and their effect on heat transfer performance were discussed. The results and effects of droplet frequency, droplet diameter, droplet velocity, and fluid flow rate on heat flux behavior, critical heat flux, and film morphology were elucidated. The study showed that forced heat convection is the main heat transfer mechanism inside the crown formation formed by droplet impingement and impact regimes play an important role on heat transfer behavior. In addition, this study found that spacing among adjacent droplets is the most important factor for multiple droplet stream heat transfer behavior. The knowledge generated through the study provides tools and know-how necessary for the design and development of enhanced spray cooling systems.
  • Spray cooling is one of the most promising technologies in applications which

    require large heat removal capacity in very small areas. Previous experimental studies

    have suggested that one of the main mechanisms of heat removal in spray cooling is

    forced convection with strong mixing due to droplet impingement. These mechanisms

    have not been completely understood mainly due to the large number of physical variables,

    and the inability to modulate and control variables such as droplet frequency

    and droplet size. Our approach consists of minimizing the number of experimental

    variables by controlling variables such as droplet direction, velocity and diameter.

    A study of heat transfer for single and multiple droplet impingements using HFE-

    7100 as the cooling fluid under constant heat flux conditions is presented. Monosized

    single and multiple droplet trains were produced using a piezoelectric droplet generator

    with the ability to adjust droplet frequency, diameter, velocity, and spacing

    between adjacent droplets. In this study, heaters consisting of a layer of Indium Tin

    Oxide (ITO) as heating element, and ZnSe substrates were used. Surface temperature

    at the liquid-solid interface was measured using Infrared Thermography. Heat

    transfer behavior was characterized and critical heat flux was measured. Film thickness

    was measured using a non-invasive optical technique inside the crown formation produced by the impinging droplets. Hydrodynamic phenomena at the droplet impact

    zone was studied using high speed imaging. Impact regimes of the impinging

    droplets were identified, and their effect on heat transfer performance were discussed.

    The results and effects of droplet frequency, droplet diameter, droplet velocity, and

    fluid flow rate on heat flux behavior, critical heat flux, and film morphology were

    elucidated.

    The study showed that forced heat convection is the main heat transfer mechanism

    inside the crown formation formed by droplet impingement and impact regimes

    play an important role on heat transfer behavior. In addition, this study found that

    spacing among adjacent droplets is the most important factor for multiple droplet

    stream heat transfer behavior. The knowledge generated through the study provides

    tools and know-how necessary for the design and development of enhanced spray

    cooling systems.

publication date

  • May 2011