Split intein mediated ultra-rapid purification of tagless protein (SIRP).
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Rapid and efficient tag removal remains a significant problem in recombinant protein purification. Using an engineered DnaE intein from Nostoc punctiforme, we developed a split intein mediated ultra-rapid purification (SIRP) method for the purification of tagless recombinant protein from E. coli lysate in less than 1h. This system exhibits extraordinarily rapid thio-induced C-terminal cleavage with about 50% completion within 30s at both 22C and 6C. This is the fastest C-terminal cleavage activity reported to date for inteins. Although the reaction kinetics slow down after the first minute, >90% cleavage completion is achieved within 30min at 22C, or within 3h at 6C. The ultra-rapid cleavage kinetics are made possible by the positioning of the purification tag at the split junction to the C-terminus of the intein N-fragment, thus avoiding potential steric hindrance of the critical interaction between the N- and C-extein. Target proteins are cleaved to >72% completion after 1h of intein reaction regardless of the identity of the N-terminal amino acid except in the cases of threonine (50% cleavage) and proline. The C-terminal cleavage reaction can be effectively inhibited by divalent Zn(2+) under non-reducing conditions. Importantly, the association of the intein N- and C-fragments is reversible, enabling the column-bound intein N-fragment bait protein to be regenerated for multiple usages and further reducing the cost of protein purification. SIRP technology should provide a useful tool for the purification of tagless proteins and peptides.
author list (cited authors)
Guan, D., Ramirez, M., & Chen, Z.
complete list of authors
Guan, Dongli||Ramirez, Miguel||Chen, Zhilei