Integrins and mechanotransduction of the vascular myogenic response. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • This review summarizes what is currently known about the role of integrins in the vascular myogenic response. The myogenic response is the rapid and maintained constriction of a blood vessel in response to pressure elevation. A role for integrins in this process has been suggested because these molecules form an important mechanical link between the extracellular matrix and the vascular smooth muscle cytoskeleton. We briefly summarize evidence for a general role of integrins in mechanotransduction. We then describe the integrin subunit combinations known to exist in smooth muscle and the vascular wall matrix proteins that may interact with these integrins. We then discuss the effects of integrin-specific peptides and antibodies on vascular tone and on calcium entry mechanisms in vascular smooth muscle. Because integrin function is linked to the cytoskeleton, we discuss evidence for the role of the cytoskeleton in determining myogenic responsiveness. Finally, we analyze evidence that integrin-linked signaling pathways, such as those involving protein tyrosine phosphorylation cascades and mitogen-activated protein kinases, are required for myogenic tone.

published proceedings

  • Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol

author list (cited authors)

  • Davis, M. J., Wu, X., Nurkiewicz, T. R., Kawasaki, J., Davis, G. E., Hill, M. A., & Meininger, G. A

citation count

  • 138

complete list of authors

  • Davis, MJ||Wu, X||Nurkiewicz, TR||Kawasaki, J||Davis, GE||Hill, MA||Meininger, GA

publication date

  • April 2001