Vasoconstriction is amplified by autoregulation during vasoconstrictor-induced hypertension
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This study investigated the degree to which autoregulation of blood flow interacts with vasoconstrictors to determine vascular resistance. Anesthetized rats were instrumented with a Doppler flow probe on the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) to measure blood flow and for calculation of vascular resistance. An adjustable occluder was placed on the SMA to set local perfusion pressure at values independent of mean arterial pressure (MAP) even when MAP was increased by the vasoconstrictors. Infusion of angiotensin II (ANG II, 50-1,247 ng.kg-1.min-1) produced a dose-dependent rightward shift in the intestinal pressure-flow relationship and elevated MAP from 85 to 127 mmHg. Low doses of phenylephrine (PE, 2.5-12.4 micrograms.kg-1.min-1) failed to shift the pressure-flow curve but did increase arterial pressure from 83 to 102 mmHg. At higher doses (25-62 micrograms.kg-1.min-1), PE also shifted the pressure-flow curve to the right. Maintaining local perfusion pressure at different values during the infusion of ANG II or PE produced a family of dose-response curves, with each exhibiting a different maximum change in resistance. When local pressure was permitted to increase with MAP, the composite dose-response curve for resistance that was obtained reflected the influence of the rise in local pressure (i.e., auto-regulation) and vasoconstrictor dose. At low doses of PE the increase in vascular resistance was attributable solely to an autoregulatory response related to the rise in MAP and not due to the constrictor effects of PE. Thus these data indicate that the rise in MAP accompanying systemic infusion of a vasoconstrictor stimulates autoregulation to amplify the local increase in vascular resistance.
author list (cited authors)
Meininger, G. A., & Trzeciakowski, J. P.