Ranitidine potentiates ileum contractions caused by GABA and electrical stimulation.
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GABA-evoked contractions of the guinea pig ileum were significantly potentiated by the histamine H2-receptor antagonist ranitidine in concentrations above 10 microM. To help define the mechanism of this interaction, the present study compared the effects of ranitidine on contractile responses of the guinea pig ileum to GABA, acetylcholine (A Ch) and electrical stimulation of intrinsic cholinergic neurons. Ranitidine, at concentrations that potentiated responses to GABA, also potentiated contractions induced by transmural electrical stimulation. The ability of ranitidine to amplify these latter responses was antagonized by atropine. Contractile responses to exogenous A Ch, however, were unaffected by ranitidine at any concentration. These results suggest that prejunctional, rather than postjunctional mechanisms, are of primary importance in the interaction between ranitidine and GABA.
author list (cited authors)
Trzeciakowski, J. P., & Cole, S.
complete list of authors
Trzeciakowski, JP||Cole, S