Maisashvili, Aleksandre (2010-05). The Value of Pasture, Rangeland, Forage Rainfall Index Insurance to Texas Ranchers. Master's Thesis. Thesis uri icon

abstract

  • In the beginning of the 2007 crop year, the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation (FCIC) launched the Pasture, Rangeland, Forage Rainfall Index Pilot Program (PRF-RI) for six states. This insurance is an index and not individual insurance. Risk Management Agency officials claim that PRF-RI insurance mitigates the risk because index and forage production move in the same direction. Therefore when the index is low there is the expectation that production will also be low. PRF-RI is a pilot program and ranchers are skeptical as to whether or not it is viable to purchase the insurance. The objective of this research was to determine the economic benefits of rainfall insurance in selected counties in Texas and estimate the probability of indemnities under different types of coverage levels and index intervals. Historical rainfall indices were simulated for all index intervals and a multivariate empirical distribution of rainfall indices were used. The model was run for alternative scenarios on the available coverage levels (90%, 85%, 80%, 75%, 70%) and relevant premium rates. Each scenario resulted in an estimate of the insurance benefits variable probability density function for a particular coverage level. Stochastic Dominance with Respect to a Function (SDRF), Stochastic Efficiency with Respect to a Function (SERF), and StopLight chart were used to rank the benefits of alternative coverage levels. The results indicated that for all regions tested, the best alternative when purchasing PRF-RI was to buy the 90% coverage level. Probabilities of earning net indemnities decreased at lower coverage levels. December-January is a critical time period that should be taken into consideration by the ranchers. The results indicated also that insurance returns depend on the region where the policy is purchased. In southern and eastern parts of Texas net indemnities appeared to be significantly less and have lower probabilities of being positive than in West Texas. Ranchers from West Texas may be able to significantly benefit from the insurance.
  • In the beginning of the 2007 crop year, the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation
    (FCIC) launched the Pasture, Rangeland, Forage Rainfall Index Pilot Program (PRF-RI)
    for six states. This insurance is an index and not individual insurance. Risk Management
    Agency officials claim that PRF-RI insurance mitigates the risk because index and
    forage production move in the same direction. Therefore when the index is low there is
    the expectation that production will also be low. PRF-RI is a pilot program and ranchers
    are skeptical as to whether or not it is viable to purchase the insurance.
    The objective of this research was to determine the economic benefits of rainfall
    insurance in selected counties in Texas and estimate the probability of indemnities under
    different types of coverage levels and index intervals.
    Historical rainfall indices were simulated for all index intervals and a
    multivariate empirical distribution of rainfall indices were used. The model was run for
    alternative scenarios on the available coverage levels (90%, 85%, 80%, 75%, 70%) and
    relevant premium rates. Each scenario resulted in an estimate of the insurance benefits variable probability density function for a particular coverage level. Stochastic
    Dominance with Respect to a Function (SDRF), Stochastic Efficiency with Respect to a
    Function (SERF), and StopLight chart were used to rank the benefits of alternative
    coverage levels.
    The results indicated that for all regions tested, the best alternative when
    purchasing PRF-RI was to buy the 90% coverage level. Probabilities of earning net
    indemnities decreased at lower coverage levels. December-January is a critical time
    period that should be taken into consideration by the ranchers. The results indicated also
    that insurance returns depend on the region where the policy is purchased. In southern
    and eastern parts of Texas net indemnities appeared to be significantly less and have
    lower probabilities of being positive than in West Texas. Ranchers from West Texas
    may be able to significantly benefit from the insurance.

publication date

  • May 2010