Dietary lipids and curcumin interact to affect gene expression in a mouse model of DSS induced chronic colitis Conference Paper uri icon


  • Both fish oil (FO) and curcumin have potential as antitumor and antiinflammatory agents. To explore their combined effects on dextran sodium sulphate (DSS) induced colitis, C57BL/6 mice were randomized to four diets (2x2 design) differing in the type of fat with or without curcumin supplementation (FO, FO+2% curcumin, corn oil (control, CO) or CO+2% curcumin). Following 2 cycle DSS exposure to induce chronic intestinal inflammation, addition of curcumin promoted mucosal injury/ulceration only in CO fed mice. Compared to other diets, interaction of FO and curcumin enhanced the resolution of chronic inflammation and suppressed (p<0.05) a key inflammatory mediator, NFkB, in colon mucosa. Examination of global gene expression profiles revealed that FO and curcumin combination blocked the expression of 38 genes induced by DSS treatment. Select genes represent nonclassical mediators of inflammation including ZBP1, PTHrP, Onecut2, Htra3, CCK, ZPF185, CSTAD and Syt15. These results suggest that dietary lipids and curcumin interact to regulate mucosal homeostasis to modulate chronic inflammation in the colon.Grant Funding Source: NIH grants DK071707 and P30ES09106.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Jia, Q., Weeks, B. R., Goldsby, J. S., Lupton, J. R., Chapkin, R. S., & McMurray, D. N.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Jia, Qian||Weeks, Brad R||Goldsby, Jennifer S||Lupton, Joanne R||Chapkin, Robert S||McMurray, David N

publication date

  • January 2009