Renal effects of nitric oxide synthase inhibition in conscious water-loaded dogs. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The renal effects of the nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitor nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) were investigated in conscious dogs undergoing sustained water diuresis and replacement of urinary sodium losses. Experiments were performed with and without additional extracellular volume expansion (isotonic saline, 2% body wt). L-NAME (10 microg. kg(-1). min(-1)) infused during water diuresis decreased urine flow (2.5 +/- 0.2 to 1.5 +/- 0.3 ml/min), free water clearance (1.9 +/- 0.2 to 1.0 +/- 0.2 ml/min), and sodium excretion (4.0 +/- 1.7 to 2.1 +/- 0.6 micromol/min). Arterial blood pressure increased from 112 +/- 2 to 126 +/- 3 mmHg, but creatinine clearance did not measurably change. Plasma endothelin and vasopressin concentrations and plasma renin activity (PRA) were unchanged. Urinary endothelin concentration increased (3.4 +/- 0.8 to 6.2 +/- 1.7 pg/ml), but the excretion rate remained constant. L-Arginine infusion (0.6 mg. kg(-1). min(-1)) along with L-NAME abolished the renal effects but not the blood pressure increase. Volume expansion increased urine flow (2.5 +/- 0.4 to 5.7 +/- 0.5 ml/min) and sodium excretion (3.8 +/- 1.6 to 76.5 +/- 14.5 micromol/min). L-NAME attenuated the renal effects of volume expansion: urine flow increased to 2.8 +/- 0.7 ml/min and sodium excretion to 34 +/- 17 micromol/min. PRA decreased with control volume expansion but not during L-NAME. Urinary endothelin levels were elevated by L-NAME, decreased with volume expansion in all series, but excretion rate remained constant. Infusion of L-arginine partially reversed these effects of L-NAME. The results demonstrate that NO synthase inhibition increases blood pressure and blunts the renal responses to water and saline loading.

published proceedings

  • Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol

author list (cited authors)

  • Peterson, T. V., Emmeluth, C., & Bie, P

citation count

  • 13

complete list of authors

  • Peterson, TV||Emmeluth, C||Bie, P

publication date

  • August 2001