Nitric oxide and renal effects of volume expansion in conscious monkeys Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Experiments were performed to determine the effects of nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibition on the renal responses to volume expansion in conscious cynomolgus monkeys. All animals were volume expanded with 3% dextran in normal saline under three conditions: 1) during a control state, 2) during constant infusion of the NO synthase inhibitor N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 30 microg x kg(-1) x min(-1)), and 3) during simultaneous infusion of L-NAME and excess NO substrate L-arginine (0.6 mg x kg(-1) x min(-1)). The control volume expansion increased urine flow from 0.27 +/- 0.05 to 0.94 +/- 0.28 ml/min and sodium excretion from 21 +/- 9 to 95 +/- 26 microeq/min. During L-NAME infusion, these responses were attenuated in that urine flow only increased from 0.13 +/- 0.03 to 0.28 +/- 0.09 ml/min and sodium excretion from 13 +/- 8 to 35 +/- 23 microeq/min. Addition of L-arginine to the L-NAME infusion abolished these renal excretory effects of L-NAME alone. With combined L-NAME/L-arginine, volume expansion increased urine flow from 0.37 +/- 0.23 to 1.09 +/- 0.23 ml/min and sodium excretion from 38 +/- 27 to 150 +/- 24 microeq/min, responses similar to control. L-Arginine also markedly attenuated the effect of L-NAME to increase mean arterial pressure and abolished the L-NAME decreases in creatinine and p-aminohippurate clearances. However, an L-NAME-induced bradycardia could only be partially reversed. These results demonstrate that a functioning NO system may be important in mediating normal renal responses to volume expansion in this primate species.

author list (cited authors)

  • Peterson, T. V., Carter, A. B., & Miller, R. A.

citation count

  • 6

publication date

  • April 1997