Eph B4 Receptor Signaling Mediates Endothelial Cell Migration and Proliferation via the Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase Pathway* Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The goals of this study were 2-fold: 1) to determine whether stimulation of Eph B4 receptors promotes microvascular endothelial cell migration and/or proliferation, and 2) to elucidate signaling pathways involved in these responses. The human endothelial cells used possessed abundant Eph B4 receptors with no endogenous ephrin B2 expression. Stimulation of these receptors with ephrin B2/Fc chimera resulted in dose- and time-dependent phosphorylation of Akt. These responses were inhibited by LY294002 and ML-9, blockers of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and Akt, respectively. Eph B4 receptor activation increased proliferation by 38%, which was prevented by prior blockade with LY294002, ML-9, and inhibitors of protein kinase G (KT5823) and MEK (PD98059). Nitrite levels increased over 170% after Eph B4 stimulation, indicating increased nitric oxide production. Signaling of endothelial cell proliferation appears to be mediated by a PI3K/Akt/endothelial nitric-oxide synthase/protein kinase G/mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade. Stimulation with ephrin B2 also increased migration by 63% versus controls. This effect was inhibited by blockade with PP2 (Src inhibitor), LY294002 or ML-9 but was unaffected by the PKG and MEK blockers. Eph B4 receptor stimulation increased activation of both matrix metalloproteinase-2 and -9. The results from these studies indicate that Eph B4 stimulates migration and proliferation and may play a role in angiogenesis.

altmetric score

  • 6

author list (cited authors)

  • Steinle, J. J., Meininger, C. J., Forough, R., Wu, G., Wu, M. H., & Granger, H. J.

citation count

  • 142

publication date

  • September 2002