Derivatives of cephalothin that inhibit ampicillin resistant Escherichia coli.
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Two derivatives of cephalothin, compound I and II, were synthesized and demonstrated strong growth inhibition of ampicillin resistant Escherichia coli (E. coli). Compound I is the propyl ester of the parent cephalothin antibiotic, while compound II is the butyl ester derivative. The ester substituent replaces the former carboxyl group of cephalothin. Compounds I and II are stable at room temperature and have increased lipophilicity compared to cephalothin due to the presence of the ester substituent. The MIC50 of I and II were determined to be 55 microg/mL and 30 microg/mL, respectively. Cephalothin showed less than 20% growth inhibition of E. coli at all concentrations based on assay of colony forming units. Compounds I and II showed greater than 50% growth inhibition of E. coli at all concentrations greater than 50 microg/mL (more than 65% at 400 microg/mL). Pharmacological properties such as octanol/water partition Log P and polar surface area were determined. Values for polar surface area suggested 35% of I or II present in the intestinal system would be absorbed. The Log P values for I and II are 2.061 and 2.62, respectively, which indicate I and II will penetrate the blood-brain barrier more effectively than cephalothin. The lipophilic substituent constant (pi) for I and II are 1.592 and 1.95, respectively, which indicates the ester substituents contribute a strong lipophilic trait. Properties of molar refractivity, parachor, and molar volume, which describe van-der-Waals interactions, are also determined.
author list (cited authors)
Bartzatt, R., Cirillo, S., & Cirillo, J. D.